The vines were pulled up under the Emperor Domitian (81-96), but were replanted under Emperor Probus (276-282)
867 - Charles the Bald had a small church built at the mouth of the valley of Vaucharmes, dedicated to Saint Marie, to thank God for his victory at the battle of Fontenoy.
Fleeing the Vikings who were sailing up the Loire, the Benedictine monks from
But, they still feared the arrival of the Vikings up the Yonne, so Charles the Bald gave them the
1114 - The Cistercian monk Hugues de Mâcon founded the nearby abbey of Pontigny, which soon became renowned and received donations of vines in Chablis to meet its needs.
It was mainly these Cistercian monks who then developed the Chablis wine region.
The churches Saint-Martin and Saint-Pierre (the patron saint of Chablis), the Hôtel Dieu, the Saint-Cosme priory, the Petit Pontigny and the petite arche du Pont were built in Chablis.
1405 - The construction of the walls of the Bourg or lower town was financed by taxes. Vintners had to hand over 10% of their harvest for a period of 8 years.
Chablis wines were transported to
The earliest written record of a transaction involving Chablis wine concerned the purchase of wine by a merchant from Maubeuge (northern France)
15th and 16th centuries
1537 - Chablis had a population of 4,000 (compared to 2,500 today) and its wines were renowned throughout
1568 - Chablis was attacked by the Huguenots who burned down the Faubourg (the upper town). The Bourg, which had better fortifications, was ransacked after 3 days of siege.
Prosperity did not return to Chablis for 2 centuries.
1850 - classification into 1st , 2nd and 3rd Cuvée
Phylloxera and Mildiou were ruining
1923 - Chablis wines are legally declared to be made from Chardonnay rather than Sacy
1938 - AOC Chablis law (20 communes, 7 Grands Crus and notion of Premiers Crus)
1944 - AOC Petit Chablis
1955 - After the Second World War, Chablis had been reduced to just 550ha of vine!
1957 - The vineyards were totally frost ! Wine production began to grow again thanks to the introduction of mechanization and heating in the vines.
1970 - The abundant vintage marked the return of wealth to Chablis
Nowadays, the Chablis wine region comprises 5,400ha under vine.